More than 1'000 printed writings were produced and distributed
underground during the German occupation of the Netherlands between
1940 and 1945.
These included political writings as well as belles-lettres, ranging
from simple pamphlets to beautiful, bibliophilistic editions. Among
the most valuable illegal printings were those of the private press
De Blauwe Schuit. Hendrik Nicolaas Werkman, an outstanding book
artist in the Netherlands, looked after the artistic design and
the actual printing of the works.
By the end of the War, 40 of this publisher’s titles had appeared,
often produced under very difficult circumstances. As masterfully
produced artistic books of excellent literary quality, these books
document the continuation of the highly developed Dutch culture
of books during those evil times.